quran written

when was the quran written

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Allah Almighty sealed the heavenly books with the Holy Qur’an. It was the last revelation revealed to humanity, and Allah Almighty took care of its preservation. He protected it – Glory be to Him – from any distortion or change without any other heavenly books. Allah Almighty took care of the survival and immortality of the Noble Qur’an, as He made it a proof for humanity. 

Until the Day of Judgment, it is a proof for the eloquence of the Arabs and the people of the language. With its organization and linguistic structure, and as a proof of its wisdom and knowledge to scholars from among the Arabs and others. Therefore, in the following lines we will discuss how was the quran written.

The first person to write the Qur’an was from the Quraish

The quran written at the hand of the the Prophet – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – from the revelation in Mecca from the Quraysh: Abdullah bin Saad bin Abi Sarh Al-Amiri, but he apostatized from Islam and returned to it on the day of the conquest, so his Islam improved.

And nothing was witnessed of him after that except for goodness, to the point that Uthman – May Allah be pleased with him – He appointed him governor of Egypt, and Africa was granted a great and mighty conquest at his hands. He moved to Palestine and died there.

Islam came to advance all aspects of life, to the point that it came to advance alongside writing among the Arabs, and to advance it. Writing had a great role in preserving the revelation and conveying the message to kings and nations.

And the Prophet – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – took care of that when he made the ransom for the prisoners on the Day of Resurrection. He began teaching boys to write, so it was a noteworthy opportunity to seize the opportunity to teach and spread writing.

The first Ansar to write the Qur’an

Anas bin Malik – may Allah be pleased with him – narrated: (The Messenger of Allah, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, said to my father: Allah Almighty commanded me to recite to you. He said: Allah named me for you? He said: Allah named you for me. He said: So he made a I am crying) lost Ubayy ibn Ka’b – may Allah be pleased with him – was the first to write to the Prophet – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – in Medina, and this was before Zaid ibn Thabit wrote. 

Then, if Ubayy was busy or did not show up, he called the Prophet – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – Zaid, and they were -May Allah be pleased with them- They write the revelation in the hands of the Prophet and write his letters to kings and delegations.


Ubayy ibn Ka’b ibn Qais ibn Ubaid was from the Banu al-Najjar from the Khazraj tribe. He witnessed all the scenes with the Prophet – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – and he was writing the revelation and working on fatwas during the era of the Prophet. He was among those who compiled the Qur’an with Uthman – may Allah be pleased with them both – and he died.

How was the writing of the Qur’an during the era of the Prophet?


The Prophet’s interest in quran written – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – was great. He would memorize what was revealed to him and recite it to the honorable companions, then they would spread it among them and teach one another. 

Then the Prophet would order writing down when the Qur’an was revealed so that memorizing it in the lines would be consistent with memorizing it in the chests. There were reports from the Prophet that encouraged the writing of the Qur’an and encouraged it, including: 

(Do not write on my behalf, and whoever writes on my behalf other than the Qur’an, let him erase it, and narrate on my behalf, and there is no harm), so this hadith indicates that the Prophet was ordering the writing of the Qur’an and was interested in it.

As for the tools used in quran written: During the time of the Prophet – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – the Companions used everything that was pure, clean, and flat to write on, and to make it easy to carry and transport. Below is a group of the names of the tools that were used at that time:

  • Karnaf: Its plural form is Karnafa, which is a thick part of the palm tree that is used when it becomes dry.
  • Assaf, asib, and cabbage: These are also different parts of the palm tree, dried and then used.
  • Riqa’: Its singular word is patch, and it refers to something that is soft and can be bent, such as cloth, paper, or leather.
  • Eder: animal skins.
  • Shoulders: This is the bone of a sheep or camel. When it dried, they would write on it.
  • Al-Aqtaab: It is the wood that is placed on the back of the animal. To ride on it.
  • Ribs: Any stick or bone that can be written on. Al-Lakhaf: These are pieces of thin stones.
  • Each of these methods was used for writing. Such as engraving, or what is called an inkwell, or ink.

the first one who colect the Qur `an

During the Prophet’s era, the quran written between pages and pages. When Abu Bakr al-Siddiq – may Allah be pleased with him – assumed the caliphate, a large number of people abandoned Islam, and those claiming to be prophets began to appear. 

Wars and battles took place in which a large number of memorizers were martyred. This matter was one of the most important reasons. Which called for the necessity of collecting the Holy Qur’an into unified newspapers.

Omar bin Al-Khattab came and presented the idea of collecting the Qur’an to Caliph Abu Bakr, but he was not convinced of it at first. Fearing that he would do something that the Messenger of Allah – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – had not done, then it was accepted after consultation and reflection, so he ordered Zaid bin Thabit to do the matter, and Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq – may Allah be pleased with him – was the first to compile the Holy Qur’an.


The Prophet – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – paid attention to the quran written, applying it, and writing it. The first one to write in Mecca was Abdullah bin Abi Al-Sarh. Then, when the Hijra took place, the first writer in Medina was from the Ansar, Ubayy bin Ka’b – may Allah be pleased with him. 

The Prophet used to dictate They are responsible for what he memorized from the Qur’an through Gabriel – peace be upon him -, and the writing tools that they used were numerous, and they were in separate places, so when Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq assumed the caliphate, he combined them between two tablets.

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