taraweeh prayer

how many rakat is taraweeh prayer?

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The virtue of taraweeh prayer prayers in Ramadan. Is praying it at the homeless more rewarding than performing it in the mosque? And many other questions occupy those who are keen to seize the benefits of Ramadan. There is no doubt that the importance of this ruling stems from the value of this venerable month, the month of Ramadan, especially those who miss it because they do not know the virtues. praying taraweeh in the great Ramadan, otherwise, they will strive to seize it as much as possible.

Ruling on taraweeh prayer

Jurists have held several opinions regarding the ruling on taraweeh prayer, as follows: 

  • Hanafi: The Hanafi school of thought in their opinion holds that taraweeh prayer is a confirmed Sunnah. Evidenced by the Rightly Guided Caliphs’ preservation of it, it is a Sunnah for men and women.
  • Malikis: The Malikis believe that praying taraweeh is definitely recommended and recommended, and this ruling includes men and women. According to the hadith of the Prophet – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – which was narrated by Abu Hurairah: 

(Whoever prays Ramadan out of faith and seeking reward, his previous sins will be forgiven, and whoever prays Laylat al-Qadr out of faith and seeking reward, his previous sins will be forgiven).

  • Shafi’i and Hanbali: Shafi’is held that taraweeh prayer ramadan is Sunnah, and they cited consensus as evidence for that.
  • Hanbalis: The Hanbalis believed that taraweeh prayer ramadan is one of the confirmed Sunnahs enacted by the Prophet – peace and blessings be upon him – and it is one of the apparent rituals of Islam. 

They used as evidence the hadith narrated by Aisha – may Allah be pleased with her -; She said: (The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed one night in the mosque, and people led him in prayer, then he prayed from the midwife, and the people increased, then they gathered on the third night. 

Or the fourth, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not go out to them, so when the morning came he said “I saw what you did, and nothing prevented me from going out to you except that I feared it would be imposed on you, and that was during Ramadan.”

The number of rak’ahs of Tarawih prayer

It is preferable in taraweeh prayer to pray eleven rak’ahs; For the action of the Prophet; It was reported from him that he did not perform more than that in Ramadan or at any other time, as Lady Aisha described the Prophet’s prayer in Ramadan and said: (The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not perform more than eleven rak’ahs in Ramadan or at any other time), and whoever exceeded It is permissible, and the conditions of the people and their ability are taken into consideration. 

The scholars have unanimously agreed that taraweeh prayer should not be limited to a specific number, except that they differed regarding the preference for an additional increase or not. Al-Shafi’i, Abu Hanifa, Ahmad, Sufyan Al-Thawri, and Ibn Al-Mubarak held that it is twenty rak’ahs. ; Omar and Ali – may Allah be pleased with them – did the same, and he may pray it with thirty-six rak’ahs, as is well-known in the doctrine of Imam Malik.

Ruling on praying Tarawih prayer in group 

The ruling in praying taraweeh. The opinions of the jurists differed regarding the ruling in congregation in taraweeh prayer, as follows:


The Hanafi are of the view that congregational taraweeh prayer are Sunnah based on sufficiency; If some people performed it in a group, this would be sufficient for the rest of the people, but if everyone left it, that would be disliked. 

For abandoning the Sunnah, and if only one of the people fails, the reward for praying in congregation in the mosque has been forfeited from him, and if one of them performed it in congregation at home and there was no congregation in the mosque.

Then they have all done wrong, and they pointed out that every prayer in which the congregation is Sunnah, praying it in the mosque is better. Especially the prayer of the jurist who is a role model for others.

2-The Malikis: 

They believed that praying in a group is a desirable matter. This practice has continued since the era of Omar bin Al-Khattab; When people gather to perform the prayer in a group, as for someone who fears hypocrisy, his prayer alone is better. 

What is meant by being alone is that he performs it at home in a group, or alone, and it is stipulated for whoever wants to pray at home that his prayer in his home be more active for him in worship than in the mosque and that his prayer at home does not lead to disrupting the congregation in the mosque.


They believed that taraweeh prayer ramadan in the congregation is Sunnah. Because the Prophet – peace and blessings be upon him – gathered people on it for several nights, and did not go out to them the rest of the nights. 

For fear that it would be imposed on them, as Omar bin Al-Khattab – may Allah be pleased with him – gathered people on it. He gathered the men against Ubayy ibn Ka’b, and the women against Suleiman ibn Abi Hathamah.


The Hanbalis adhered to the Sunnah of the Shafi’is in a group

The benefits of taraweeh prayer

Scholars have counted several benefits of taraweeh prayer, including:

  • The Prophet – may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him – took great care in performing the night prayer until his feet broke, for he used great diligence to do the prayer.
  • Staying awake at night is one of the greatest reasons for entering Paradise.
  • taraweeh prayer is one of the reasons for raising one’s status in Paradise.
  • Those who maintain the night prayer are doers of good and deserve Allah’s mercy and paradise. Allah has praised those who pray the night prayer and counted them among His righteous servants.
  • taraweeh prayer is the best prayer after the obligatory prayer.
  • praying taraweeh expiates evil deeds and eliminates sins.
  • The honor of the believer is to pray the night prayers.
  • praying taraweeh is a blessing for the one who does it because of its great reward, as it is better than the world and what is in it.
  • One of the reasons for the forgiveness of sins, is that whoever prays Tarawih properly has completed Ramadan.

Ruling on performing Tarawih prayers at home

It is permissible for praying taraweeh at home with reassurance and with the sincere intention for Allah Almighty with family members and children, as the Messenger of Allah performed it in his house and in the mosque. 

taraweeh prayer can be performed at home, individually or in a group, at the level of members of small families, and this is a matter whose legitimacy is agreed upon among scholars. Rather, the disagreement occurred between them regarding what is best: her prayer at home or the mosque.

And the Prophet, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, told that whoever is accustomed to doing good and is prevented by an excuse that has nothing to do with it (such as fear of mingling due to the spread of the epidemic, or as a result of reducing the number of worshipers), he will be rewarded for his action. 


At the end of the text, taraweeh prayer is one of the recommended things to do in the month of Ramadan, especially since there are many benefits of taraweeh prayer. As for the ruling on praying taraweeh, scholars differed in explaining its ruling based on many texts that were reported from the Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

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