principles of tajweed

Fundamentals of Tajweed: A Beginner’s Guide to Quranic Pronunciation

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The principles of tajweed are one of the most honorable Islamic sciences that Muslim scholars are keen to learn and work with. It is a science related to the Book of Allah Almighty, the Holy Qur’an, and through it the Muslim learns about the correct ways and methods for reciting the Book of Allah. 

This article deals with the Tajweed principles, and what they bring to the Muslims, in addition to knowing the ruling on learning tajweed.

Definition of Tajweed Science

The principles of tajweed are: giving the letters their right of necessary and accidental qualities, and what they deserve with the attainment of the goal and the end in perfecting and improving them and being free of defects of addition and deficiency. 

The principles of tajweed can be defined as a science that regulates the rules and rulings of the method of pronouncing Qur’anic words and expressions according to how it was revealed to the Messenger – may Allah bless him and grant him peace. – Peace be upon him.

Ruling on studying the science of Tajweed

Learning and studying Tajweed principles has rulings in Islam that depend on two specific aspects, and what each aspect includes.

The first aspect is the theoretical part of the provisions of tajweed, which includes a set of controls and rulings that scholars have emphasized the necessity of adhering to when reading the Holy Qur’an, including the exits of the letters, and the provisions of extending, stopping, and starting.

And others, so the ruling on learning them is far sufficiency, that is if a group of the Islamic community undertakes a task. By studying these theoretical rules and knowing them, the ruling on learning them from others is waived.

The second aspect is the practical aspect, and it includes the rules and regulations for pronouncing letters and their rulings, mastering and improving pronunciation, extracting letters from their correct nouns, and committing to giving the letter the correct attribute, if it is one of the necessary attributes, or accidental attributes.

Departments of Tajweed science

Based on the classification of principles of tajweed scholars for books that teach the rules of Tajweed, the topics of tajweed science can be divided as follows, but not limited to:

  • The melody and its sections: It includes the definition of the melody and its sections; The hidden melody and the clear melody, and the ruling on each of them. 
  • Provisions for seeking refuge and basmalah: These include: The formula for seeking refuge, its ruling and conditions, and the formula for basmala, its ruling and conditions.
  • Rulings on the Noun Sakinah and Tanween: It includes the definition of the Noun Sakinah and Tanween and the difference between them, and a detailed definition of their provisions: manifestation, assimilation, inversion, and concealment.
  • Provisions of the sakinah meem: The definition of it and its rulings include concealment, assimilation, and oral manifestation.
  • Rulings on the mudd and its types: It includes the meaning of the mudd and the shortening, the definition of the mudd, the letters, its ranks and titles, and the combination of the mudd and its divisions.

The original, the subsidiary, the connected, the separate, the substitution, the accidental sukun, the lightened and heavy verbal intransitive, and the lightened and heavy literal intransitive.

  • The exits of the letters: It includes the definition of the exit and the letter, and the definition of the titles of the letters and their exits: the stomach, the throat, the tongue, the lips, and the nostrils.
  • Attributes of letters: From this branch is the definition of the attributes of letters that have opposites. Whispering and loudness, harshness, middleness, and softness, highness, and lowliness.

closing and openness, softness and silence, and the attributes of letters that have no opposite; Whistling, rattling, softness, deviation, refining, spreading, elongation, concealment, richness.

  • Amplification and thinning: It includes defining them and their divisions; These are: letters that are always engraved or embossed, and letters that range between embossed and embossed.
  • Provisions of endowment and beginning: It includes the definition of endowment and its types: complete, sufficient, good, and ugly, and the definition of beginning and its types.

The virtues of the knowledge of Tajweed

The principles of tajweed have many virtues that a Muslim will advance after learning Tajweed principles, including the following:

  • The Muslim becomes able to read the Holy Qur’an as Allah Almighty has enjoined.
  • Contemplating the verses of the Holy Qur’an and knowing and understanding what is meant by them, by reading correctly, adhering to precise accuracy, and correct pronunciation.
  • Preserving verses of the Holy Qur’an from addition, subtraction, or change, keeps the Muslims away from making mistakes that lead them to sin or disobedience.
  • The Muslims can extract the legal rulings and understand them in their correct manner.
  • Among the great virtues of the knowledge of tajweed is the high status of the reader before Allah Almighty and the great reward.

What is the importance of learning Tajweed of the Holy Quran?

Learning the Holy Qur’an is one of the acts of worship through which the servant draws closer to his Creator. The Qur’an will come on the Day of Resurrection as an intercessor for its owner. Therefore, learning to recite the Qur’an into tajweed and paying attention to this knowledge is in essence an interest in the Holy Qur’an.

And a keenness to perform it perfectly by how the Prophet – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – recited it. Upon his companions, peace and blessings be upon him, the importance of learning to recite the Holy Qur’an is represented in the following:

  • principles of tajweed is an essential means for understanding the meanings of the Holy Qur’an, contemplating its verses, and learning about its rulings.
  • The reciter of the Qur’an who masters the rules of Tajweed enjoys a great status and a great reward.
  • The Muslim receives the full reward when reading the Holy Qur’an by the principles of tajweed and its sound rules.
  • Part of the completeness and perfection of memorizing the Holy Qur’an is to recite it in the manner in which it is recognized, that is, as it was reported from the Prophet – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – away from composition or errors that spoil the meaning.

What are the ways and means of learning Tajweed?

The methods and means of learning principles of tajweed are many and varied, including:

  • Learning must be from a skilled sheik or a trustworthy teacher.
  • Repeatedly listening and reading the Holy Qur’an according to the principles of tajweed.
  • Choose one of the reciters who is proficient in the rules of tajweed and listen to him frequently.
  • Using the Holy Quran Radio or audio and video broadcasts.
  • Read tajweed books, such as The Book of Tajweed Al-Muyassar, and Al-Burhan fi Tajweed of the Qur’an.
  • Purchasing Tajweed Qurans in which the Tajweed rules are colored, makes it easier for the reader to apply them easily.


After the text, learning the principles of tajweed is one of the important things for a Muslim, because Tajweed principles help a Muslim to recite the Holy Qur’an in a manner free of any linguistic errors, and here lies the importance of learning tajweed. In addition, many sources help a Muslim to master the principles of tajweed.

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