ikhfa letters?

how many ikhfa letters?

Share this

The definition of ikhfa letters in the language is concealment, and concealment such that it is not seen, and in the terminology the pronouncement of the letter is in a state between the apparent and the assimilated, devoid of stress and with the remainder of the ghanna. 

quran ikhfa letters was given this name because if the sakina nūn or tanween precedes one of the letters of concealment, the nūn disappears, and only its characteristic remains, and therefore it is called This type of quran ikhfa letters is ikhfa haqiqi, and the ikhfa letters may occur in one word with the noon sakinah, or in two words with the noun sakinah and tanween.

What is ikhfa letters?

The ikhfa letters in the recitation are fifteen letters of the alphabet, which are: (S, D, Th, K, J, Sh, Q, S, D, T, Z, F, T, Z, D). As for the reason for ikhfa letters as his term was concealed in this way, so the statement about it can be summarized as follows:

  • Since the exit of all fifteen ikhfa letters is not that close to that of the exit of the noon sakinah, for this reason, it was not possible to combine these letters with the noon sakinah or with the tanween; This is due to the difficulty of assimilation; Because of the distance between the exit and these letters.
  • But this distance between the letter Nūn and ikhfa letters is not sufficient to pronounce it outward, as is the case with the unseen letters, for that reason; These letters were free of assimilation, but they did not appear completely; Because the distance of its exit from the exit of the Nun is not enough to show it; 

This is due to the mediation of its origin, so the pronunciation of ikhfa letters was a middle pronunciation between assimilation and declension without emphasis, but the ghannah remains apparent.

What is the definition of ikhfa haqiqi?

quran ikhfa letters in language: concealment. It is said: the man disappeared from the eyes of people, that is, he hid from them. Technically, it is: pronouncing a consonant letter, unstressed, in a form between naḥāḥ and assimilation, with the ghannah remaining in the first letter (nūn sakinah or tanween). 

This letter is ghannan by the amount of two vowels, and it is one of the rulings of the nūn sakinah and tanween. quran ikhfa letters is a state between assimilation and assimilation. Assimilation does not completely match the pronunciation of the nun, nor is it like assimilation, which requires similarity between the assimilated and the assimilated in it.

ikhfa letters are fifteen, and they are the following letters: (S, D, Th, J, Sh, Q, S, D, T, Z, F, T, Z, Z). If the reader comes after the Nun Sakinah or Tanween with one of the ikhfa letters mentioned above, we apply the rule of concealment by pronouncing the Nun Sakinah or Tanween in a middle state between accentuation and assimilation.

While introducing the Ghannah in the amount of two vowels and without stress. Hiding the Nun Sakinah is in one or two words. As for concealing Tanween occurs in only two words, and examples of ikhfa haqiqi include the following:


 (خَلْقٍ جَدِيدٍ)

What is the definition of ikhfa shafawi?

Ikhfa shafawi is the concealment of the consonant meem when the letter b comes after it in the following word, and it is called oral; Because the meem and baa are produced by the lips, and when pronouncing oral concealment, the lips are closed together without leaving any gap between them. Examples of ikhfa shafawi are the following:

 (تَرْمِيهِمْ بِحِجارَةٍ)

 (بَلْ أَنْتُمْ بِهَدِيَّتِكُمْ)

What is the reason for the quran ikhfa letters?

The reason for ikhfa letters is the lack of closeness between the exits of the noon sakin and tanween and the exits of the true ikhfa letters. They are neither close to each other so that assimilation can be applied to them, nor are they far from each other so that assimilation can be applied to them. 

Thus, ikhfa letters are an intermediate state between assimilation and assimilation. As for ikhfa shafawi, it is caused by homogeneity. Between the exits of the hidden letters and the exits of the meem and the ba, which leads to ease of pronunciation of them.

What is the reason for the name ikhfa letters?

Ikhfa haqiqi is called concealment; Because the sakina nūn or tanween is concealed in its pronunciation when it meets one of the ikhfa letters, and it is called true because concealment is achieved in it more than in others.

In addition to the scholars’ agreement on this designation, and oral concealment was given this name; Because the exit of the meem and the ba share the same exit, which is the two lips.

ikhfa letters mattresses

There are three levels of quran ikhfa letters, which we mention as follows:

  • The highest rank: This rank is achieved when the letter dal, ta’, or ta’ comes after the sakina or tanween nun, and the quran ikhfa letters here is closest to assimilation.
  • Lowest rank: This rank is achieved when the letters qaf and kaf are followed after the noon sakinah or tanween, and quran ikhfa letters then is close to revealing.
  • Medium rank: It is achieved when the remaining letters ikhfa letters are followed by the noon sakinah or tanween.

What is The difference between ikhfa and idgham?

There are several things that differentiate between ikhfa letters and idgham, including the following:

  • ikhfa letters do not include stress when pronouncing it, unlike idgham, where there is stress when pronouncing it.
  • Masking occurs when the letter is pronounced with the letter that follows it, while idgham occurs when the letter is inserted into the letter that comes after it.
  • ikhfa letters occur in one or two words, while idgham only occurs in two words.
  • The ikhfa letters are fifteen letters, while the idgham letters are six letters.

ikhfa letters examples

The Holy Qur’an is full of ikhfa letters examples of noble verses, and we mention here an example for each letter:

  • Example of the letter Sad:

 (وَلَمَن صَبَرَ وَغَفَرَ)

  • Example of the letter dhaal:

(ظِلٍّ ذِي ثَلَاثِ شُعَبٍ)

  • Example of the letter thaa:

(مِن نُطفَةٍ ثُمَّ سَوّاكَ رَجُلًا)

  • Example of the letter kaf:

(وَإِن كَانَتْ لَكَبِيرَةً)

  • Example of the letter J:

(فَصَبرٌ جَميلٌ وَاللَّـهُ المُستَعانُ )

  • Example of the letter Sheen:

 (آوي إِلى رُكنٍ شَديدٍ)

  • Example of the letter Qaf:

(مِن ثَمَرَةٍ رِّزْقًا ۙ قَالُوا هَـٰذَا الَّذِي رُزِقْنَا)

  • Example of the letter S:

(وَلْيَقُولُوا قَوْلًا سَدِيدًا)

  • Example of the letter dal:

 (وَكَأْسًا دِهَاقًا)

  • Example of the letter ta:

(بَلْدَةٌ طَيِّبَةٌ وَرَبٌّ غَفُورٌ)

  • Example of the letter Zain:

(قالَ أَقَتَلتَ نَفسًا زَكِيَّةً بِغَيرِ نَفسٍ)

  • Example of the letter fa:

(وَإِنَّ السّاعَةَ لَآتِيَةٌ فَاصفَحِ)

  • Example of the letter ta:

(وَتَستَخرِجوا مِنهُ حِليَةً تَلبَسونَها)

  • Example of the letter dād:

 (جَعَلَ مِن بَعْدِ قُوَّةٍ ضَعْفًا وَشَيْبَةً)

Example of the letter dha:

(وَنُدْخِلُهُمْ ظِلًّا ظَلِيلًا)


At the end of the text, ikhfa letters are one of the rules of the noun sakinah tanween, and the letters of concealment are fifteen letters that we mentioned in detail within our article. In addition to that, we have mentioned some examples of concealment that were mentioned in the verses of the Holy Qur’an, and we also explained the difference between both concealment and diphthongs.

Share this

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top