chapters in the quran

how many chapters in the quran

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The Noble Qur’an is the word of Allah Almighty revealed to the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, through the revelation of Gabriel, peace be upon him, who is worshiped with his miraculous recitation of his words. The Noble Qur’an consists of a group of chapters in the quran.

 

And each surah consists of a group of verses, and the number of these surahs is one hundred and fourteen surahs (114), and this is by consensus. Regarding this, Al-Zarkashi – may Allah have mercy on him – says: “Know that the number of chapters in the quran, according to the agreement of the scholars of law and contract.

 

Is one hundred and fourteen surahs, as they are in the Uthmani Qur’an, the first of which is Al-Fatihah and the last of which is Al-Nas.” He quoted Mujahid – may Allah have mercy on him – that some may count the surahs of the Holy Qur’an. 

Number of chapters in the quran

Allah Almighty revealed to His Messenger in His decisive revelation one hundred and fourteen (114) Surahs, and the people of law and contract have agreed on that number, and it is the number found in the Uthmani Quran and other printed Quran, beginning with Surat Al-Fatihah and ending with Surah Al-Nas.

Number of Meccan and Medinan surahs of the Qur’an

The one who looks at the chapters in the quran will find that the number of Medinan surahs in the Holy Qur’an is twenty-eight, and this is agreed upon, and the remaining surahs of the Holy Qur’an are Meccan surahs.

 

And this detail is according to the opinion of those who said that the Meccan surahs are those that were revealed in the Holy Mecca and its environs. Accordingly, the number of Meccan surahs is eighty-six surahs

 

The Medinan surahs, some of them are long, some of them are long, and some of them are Mufassal, and the Medinan surahs are: Al-Baqarah, Al-Imran, An-Nisa’, Al-Ma’idah, Al-Anfal, Al-Tawbah, Thunder.

 

Hajj, Al-Nour, Al-Ahzab, Muhammad, Al-Fath, Al-Hujurat, Al-Rahman, Al-Hadid, Al-Mujadila, The gathering, the examiner, the class, the Friday, the hypocrites, the transgression, the divorce, the prohibition, the human being, the proof, the earthquake, the victory.

 

It is worth noting that a number of Medinan and Meccan surahs contain sayings and issues, and we mentioned what was agreed upon previously. The features of the Madani surahs are as follows: They include the provisions of punishments and obligations. 

 

It includes a statement of the provisions of jihad. It mentions the characteristics and conditions of the hypocrites, and includes the eleven verses at the beginning of Surah Al-Ankabut, noting that the rest of this Surah is Meccan.

Ranking of the surahs of the Holy Qur’an among scholars

The order of the surahs of the Holy Qur’an is arbitrary – that is, it is not permissible to change any of them. It was revealed from Allah Almighty in this form, and the order of the surahs today in our Qur’an is the same order that the Companions agreed upon in the Quran of Othman bin Affan – may Allah be pleased with him. 

 

It was accepted by all of them, and it is the same thing that the Companions received from the Messenger of Allah – may Allah bless him and grant him peace. As for the arrangement of the surahs, the one who examines the Holy Qur’an finds that all the short surahs are gathered together at the end of the Holy Qur’an.

 

That is, in the thirtieth part – and they all talk about one topic. It is the belief of the people of Islam, and the efforts that the Messenger of Allah – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – made with the infidels of Quraysh, and the disbelief and stubbornness he encountered from them, in addition to some social issues. As for the rest of the surahs in parts of the Holy Qur’an,

Sections of surahs of the Holy Qur’an

In addition to chapters in the quran,

surahs of the Holy Qur’an are divided into four sections:

 

  • Al-Tawal: It is seven surahs. Al-Baqarah, Al-Imran, Al-Nisa’, Al-Ma’idah, Al-An’am, Al-A’raf, and there is a detail in the seventh surah. Some of them said that anfal and repentance come together because they are not separated by the basmalah, and among them are those who said that it is Surah Yunus.

 

  • Al-Mi’un: These are the surahs whose number of verses exceeds one hundred or so.

 

  • Al-Mathani: These are the surahs whose number of verses is less than a hundred, that is, the surahs that follow the surahs of Al-Mi’in in the number of their verses. It is said that they were called that because they are repeated and repeated in recitation more than the long surahs and the surahs of Al-Mi’in.

 

  • Al-Mufassal: It is from the beginning of Surah “Q” to the end of the Qur’an, and it was said that it is from the beginning of the chapters, and it was said otherwise. It was said that Al-Mufassal is the surahs found at the end of the Holy Qur’an, and is divided into three sections: long, intermediate, and short. 

 

  • The length of its surahs is from the beginning of Surah Al-Hujurat to the end of Surah Al-Buruj, its middle is from Surat Al-Tariq to Surat Al-Bayyinah, and its shortness is from Surat Al-Zalzalah to the end of the Holy Qur’an. It was given this name because of the frequent separation of its surahs with the basmalah.

Numerical information about the Qur’an

Muslims paid great attention to the chapters in the quran, and counted its verses, words, and letters, in addition to highlighting a lot of numerical information related to the Holy Qur’an. Below is a mention of some numerical information about the Holy Qur’an:

 

The number of parts of the Holy Qur’an is thirty. The number of verses in the Holy Qur’an is 6236 verses, and this is according to the Amiri Qur’an that was printed by the Egyptian government in the year 1342 AH. Al-Dani – may Allah have mercy on him.

 

Said that the number 6000 is a matter of consensus among the scholars, but their sayings varied regarding what was more than that, and some of them did not add anything, and added Some said 204, some said 214, some said 219, some said 225, and others added 236.

 

This is due to the difference in the number of verses of some Quranic surahs. This difference comes from hearing and transmission, not opinion. It is like the differences that exist between Quranic readings. The sayings of scholars have varied regarding the number of words of the Holy Qur’an. It was said that the number of its words is 77,934, and it was said that it is 77,437.

 

Al-Suyuti – may God have mercy on him – said that the reason for this diversity in sayings is that the word has a reality, a metaphor, a pronunciation, a diagram, and a consideration, and each of them is permissible in counting.

 

And each of the scholars relied on a specific thing in counting, and it was said: The number of letters in the Holy Qur’an is 23637. A letter, and it was said otherwise, and some scholars mentioned that the word “Allah” is repeated in the Holy Qur’an 2664 times.

Conclusion 

At the end of the text, the number of chapters in the quran is 114, and scholars have classified them into many classifications and many sections. Therefore, we mentioned in our article all the details related to the chapters in the quran.

 


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