fast of ramadan rules

Ramadan Fasting Etiquette: Key Rules for a Meaningful Experience

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fast of ramadan rules has a special place and a great rank, as it is an opportunity to purify oneself and refine one’s morals, and an important occasion to train oneself and tame one’s desires. It is also a means of restricting bad tendencies and curbing abnormal desires and inclinations. 

fast of ramadan rules derives its greatness and sanctity from the fact that it is a secret between the servant and his Lord, which no one can see, and whoever enters it with sincere intentions emerges from it with a testimony of integrity, and is among the survivors in this world and the hereafter.

Definition of fasting

fast of ramadan rules is the language of abstinence, and it is legal to abstain from the desires of the stomach and private parts from dawn to sunset with the intention of worship. It is the fourth pillar of Islam that Allah imposed on Muslims in the second year of the Hijra.

And a sign of its obligation in the Sunnah of the Prophet is the saying of the Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the authentic hadith: (Islam is built on five testimonies that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, establishing prayer, paying zakat, and fasting. Ramadan and the Hajj to the House for those who are able to do so.) Bukhari and Muslim.

Fasting conditions

The conditions for fast of ramadan rules are divided into three types: conditions of obligation, conditions of validity, and conditions of obligation and validity together. The conditions for obligation are three: 

The first is puberty, because fasting is not obligatory for a boy, even if he is a teenager, and the second is ability, so there is no blame on a Muslim if he is unable to fast due to old age or illness. The third is residence, because the traveler does not fast, but he has the right to break his fast and make up for it. 

There are also three conditions for health: The first is the intention built into the heart, and the second is discernment, as it is not valid for a child to fast until he distinguishes the purpose and meaning of the acts of worship. 

The third is the time during which fasting is permitted, as the latter is invalidated on forbidden days, such as the day of Eid. As for the conditions of both obligation and validity, there are also three: The first of which is Islam, because the fasting of an infidel is unacceptable. 

The second reason is because the pen is lifted from the madman until he wakes up. The third is purification from menstrual and postpartum blood, because fasting is forbidden for menstruating and postpartum women and they must make up for it.

Pillars of fasting

fast of ramadan rules has two basic pillars that protect its great spiritual structure from collapse, and preserve its venerable religious goals from error. Without these two pillars together, fasting is never valid, and the reward of the fasting person is not proven. 

The first pillar is the intention, that is, the determination of the heart to fast in compliance with the command of Allah Almighty and to draw closer to Him. If fasting is obligatory, the intention must be made at night before dawn, and if fasting is voluntary, the intention is valid even after dawn. 

As for the second pillar of fast of ramadan rules, it is abstinence, that is, refraining from desires, obscene words, and all kinds of things that break the fast, such as eating, drinking, and sexual intercourse, from dawn to sunset.

Sunnahs of fasting

fast of ramadan rules has many Sunnahs that were enacted by the Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, the first of which is to hasten breakfast and eat it immediately after sunset. The second is to break the fast with a date or a drink of water.

The third is the supplication when breaking the fast, because the Prophet used to say when breaking his fast: (O Allah, for You we fasted and for Your provision we broke our fast, so accept it from us. Indeed, You are the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing) Narrated by Abu Dawud. 

The fourth is to adhere to suhoor for the goodness and blessings it brings. Fifthly, delaying suhoor until the last part of the night because this helps the fasting person to reduce the hours of fasting and reduce his feeling of hunger and thirst during the day.

The virtue of fasting

fast of ramadan rules has many virtues and many benefits that encourage a Muslim to do it, and make it easier for him to face any trouble or difficulty in performing it. In addition to its health benefits, fasting is one of the greatest reasons for the forgiveness of sins. It is a shield, meaning protection and cover for the servant in this world and the hereafter. 

It is like water that extinguishes the fire of desire and refines it. Thanks to him, the Muslim is guaranteed a door to enter Paradise through which only those who fast can enter. He will also intercede for his companion on the Day of Resurrection. His reward is without reckoning, according to what Allah Almighty says in the Holy Hadith: 

(Every deed of the son of Adam is for him except fasting, for it is Mine and I will reward for it.) Another virtue of fasting is that the smell emanating from the mouth of the fasting person as a result of the stomach being empty of food is more pleasant to Allah than the scent of musk, because it is an effect of worship and obedience.

Ruling on fasting

Based on fast of ramadan rules, fasting is divided into several types, each type explained and detailed, as follows:

1-Obligatory fasting: 

It is divided into two parts: Either it is an obligatory fast, and the law addresses all those who are obligated to do it. It is represented by fasting in the month of Ramadan, or it is obligatory fasting, due to the one who is responsible; It is a fast of expiation and vows. 

Examples of fasting of expiation include: expiation for swearing an oath, expiation for manslaughter, expiation for zihaar, expiation for sexual intercourse during the day in Ramadan, ransom for harm to a person in ihram, ransom for one who cannot find a sacrificial animal, and ransom for killing game while in ihram.

2-Recommended fasting:

It is voluntary fasting, provided that it is not on a day on which fasting is forbidden. Hadiths have clarified the virtue of voluntary fasting, including: The saying of the Prophet – peace and blessings be upon him -: (Whoever fasts a day for the sake of Allah, Almighty, Allah will keep his face away from Hell for seventy years. )

3-Disliked fasting: 

It is disliked to fast on several days and under different circumstances. Among them: fasting forever; That is, continuing to fast every day without interruption, with the exception of the days forbidden. It is also disliked to fast for intercourse. 

That is, fasting on two consecutive days, without breaking the fast in between, just as it is disliked to fast on the day of Arafat for the Hajj, and to fast on Friday alone, or on Saturday alone, and to designate the month of Rajab for fasting.

4-Forbidden fasting:

It is forbidden to fast on the days of the two Eids and the days of Tashreeq. They are: the first, second and thirteenth of the month of Dhul-Hijjah. It is also forbidden to fast on the day of doubt.

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At the end of the text, fasting is obligatory for every Muslim, and it is one of the five pillars of Islam. Therefore, we mentioned in our article all the provisions related to fast of ramadan rules in detail. In addition to some other rulings related to fasting, such as the Sunnahs of fasting, etc.

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